On the Theory of Oxidation‐Reduction Reactions Involving Electron Transfer. II. Applications to Data on the Rates of Isotopic Exchange Reactions

R. A. Marcus
1957 Journal of Chemical Physics  
The rates of some hom?get_~eous isotopic exchange reactions in solution are considered in the light of a recently developed quantitative theory of redox processes (Part I). The relative importance of several factors influ~nci.ng the rates of these reactions is di~cussed. ~hese factors include the Coulombic repulsion between the 1omc reactants and the extent of solvatiOn of the IOns. Free energies and entropies of activation of various reactions are calculated from the theory without the use of
more » ... without the use of any adjustable parameters. The agreement with the experimental data is considered to be satisfactory. On the basis of the theory and of earlier experiments in heavy water an experimental method is tentatively suggested for distinguishing electron and atom transfer mechanisms. This method applies to halidecatalyzed exchange reactions of metal aquo-ions, and to other anion-catalyzed reactions of this type not involving breakable OH bonds.
doi:10.1063/1.1743423 fatcat:ypatc7ql4zfetmeh5c2kjklppu