Nonlinear and anisotropic elastic soft tissue models for medical simulation

G. Picinbono, H. Delingette, N. Ayache
Proceedings 2001 ICRA. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (Cat. No.01CH37164)  
In this article, we describe the latest developments of the minimally invasive hepatic surgery simulator prototype developed at INRIA. A key problem with such a simulator is the physical modeling of soft tissues. We propose a new deformable model based on non-linear elasticity and the nite element method. This model is valid for large displacements, which means in particular that it is invariant with respect to rotations. This property improves the realism of the deformations and solves the
more » ... lems related t o t h e s h o r t c omings of linear elasticity, which is only valid for small displacements. We also address the problem of anisotropic behavior, and volume variations by adding to our model incompressibility constraints. Finally, we demonstrate the relevance o f t h i s a p p r oach for the real-time simulation of laparoscopic surgical gestures on the liver.
doi:10.1109/robot.2001.932801 dblp:conf/icra/PicinbonoDA01 fatcat:vta4i3ekybfc5nuy4dfofsxh34