A compendium on remote research methods
This compendium was produced to assist global challenges researchers and others who are considering adapting their research protocols to collect data remotely, such as by interviewing participants via Zoom or using internet-mediated approaches to survey participants. Global Challenges research aims to promote the economic development and welfare of low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). Generally, such research is conducted using interdisciplinary frameworks and involves capacity building,
... ovation, and knowledge exchange as part of the agenda. Global challenges researchers collaborate internationally with other academics and partners (e.g., civil society organisations, NGOs). Collaborations might entail LMIC researchers working together, or researchers in LMICs working co-operatively with researchers in the global north (e.g., the UK, Europe). Much of this research is focused on addressing the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which concern global challenges, including 'those related to poverty, inequality, climate change, environmental degradation, peace and justice' (4). For instance, SDG5 concerns matters of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls. Research addressing SDG5 often includes investigating sensitive research topics, such as sexual and gender-based violence, which are ethically complex, especially when working remotely. As such, within the planning and implementation of remote research methods, there are a number of considerations that must be made. Here, specific factors to be aware of regarding understanding context, research conduct, planning data collection, and data collection conduct are addressed in turn. This paper will address challenges in conducting remote research, will then give an example of a recent case study, and will conclude by providing a summary of relevant literature.