Alttestamentliche Studien. IV. Das Buch Leviticus. B. D. Eerdmans

1913 The American Journal of Theology  
down the current critical theory. He claims to have no interest at all in attributing the Pentateuch to Moses. But he does maintain that it is more just to ask what single passages are not from Moses, than timorously here or there to attribute to him a broken fragment. The whole temper and tone of the book is strongly against the current critical position both of the Pentateuch as a whole and especially that of Deuteronomy. SCmDIM T, AAGE. Gedanke iiber die Entwicklung der Religion auf Grund
more » ... ligion auf Grund der babylonischen Quellen. [Mitteilung der Vorderasiatischen Gesellschaft (E.V.), 1911, 3.] Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1911. 136 pages. M. 5. The characteristics of some of the old religions of the ancient world are depicted in Die Entwicklung der Religion auf Grund der babylonischen Quellen. To make comparisons more valuable the author presents some facts concerning the development of religion among the Egyptians, the Chinese, the Greeks, the Phoenicians, the Indians of India, and the Babylonians. Of the last he specifies the Sumerians and the Babylonians as two different facts. As a kind of summary of his investigation we may say that there is an important difference between the content of the Sumerian and'Babylonian texts. On the whole and in the long run, Sumerian texts are certainly older than Babylonian, and since we have a unified culture before us as we must surely assume, we find two steps in the development. By comparison we find, first, that the old, great judicial deities have been promoted to the side of lower divinities; second, that magic and enchantment grew and became more and more senseless and finally secured a recognized place in the native religion. Both of these peculiarities are paralleled at the same time among neighboring peoples, except that in China the process was slower. Comparative religion finds some material here.
doi:10.1086/479155 fatcat:u6rbkuu4gzc7bmlwatnkfzuuja