Living with DNA Breaks is an Everyday Reality for Cells Adapted to High NaCl

Natalia I. Dmitrieva, Maurice B. Burg
2004 Cell Cycle  
A rapid, coordinated response to DNA breaks, including activation of cell cycle checkpoints and initiation of accurate DNA repair is believed to be necessary to maintain genomic integrity and prevent accumulation of mutations. That is why it was so unexpected to discover recently that in the mouse renal inner medulla the otherwise healthy cells contain numerous DNA breaks, yet they survive and function adequately. The DNA breaks in the renal inner medulla are caused by the high NaCl
more » ... ns to which the cells are constantly exposed as a consequence of the urinary concentrating mechanism. Cells adapted to high NaCl in cell culture also contain many DNA breaks. The DNA breaks do not trigger cell cycle arrest or cause apoptosis, and the cells safely proliferate rapidly despite their presence. Further, high NaCl inhibits the activity of key components of the classical DNA damage response such as Mre11, chk1 and H2AX. In order to explain why the DNA breaks do not cause disabling mutations, oncogenic transformations and/or apoptosis we speculate that in the presence of high NaCl there might be alternative DNA damage response pathways or special ways of coping with DNA damage. LIVING WITH DNA BREAKS IN HIGH NaCl
doi:10.4161/cc.3.5.869 fatcat:g5padqshwvfvrjoaotupl45y4a