Majorana surface modes of nodal topological pairings in spin- 32 semimetals

Wang Yang, Tao Xiang, Congjun Wu
2017 Physical review B  
Multi-component electronic systems can appear in solid state systems with active orbital band structures. They exhibit richer structures of topological superconductivity beyond the conventional scenarios of spin singlet and triplet pairings in spin-$\frac{1}{2}$ systems. Examples include the half-Heusler compounds RPtBi series (R for a rare earth element), whose electronic structures are described by the effective Luttinger-Kohn model with spin-$\frac{3}{2}$ fermions exhibiting strong
more » ... ng strong spin-orbit coupling and band conversion. Recent experiments provide evidence to unconventional superconductivity in the YPtBi material with nodal spin-septet pairing. We systematically study topological pairing structures in spin-$\frac{3}{2}$ systems with cubic group symmetries and calculate surface Majorana spectra, which exhibit both the zero energy flat band and the cubic dispersion. The signatures of these surface states in the quasi-particle interference patterns are studied, which can be tested in future tunneling experiments.
doi:10.1103/physrevb.96.144514 fatcat:gvf5rq73fngvzcvm764qokr5d4