In-hospital dementia-related deaths following implementation of the national dementia plan: observational study of national death certificates from 1996 to 2016

Miharu Nakanishi, Syudo Yamasaki, Atsushi Nishida
2018 BMJ Open  
ObjectiveTo examine changes in places of dementia-related death following implementation of the national dementia plan and other policy initiatives.DesignObservational study.SettingJapan between October 1996 and September 2016. Four major changes in health and social care systems were identified: (1) the public long-term care insurance programme (April 2000); (2) community centres as a first access point for older residents (April 2006); (3) medical care system for older people (April 2008) and
more » ... (4) the national dementia plan (April 2013).Participants9 60 423 decedents aged 65 years or older whose primary cause of death was Alzheimer's disease, vascular or other types of dementia or senility.Main outcome measuresPlace of death which was classified into 'hospital', 'intermediate geriatric care facility' (rehabilitation facility aimed at home discharge), 'nursing home' or 'own home'.ResultsThe annual number of deaths at hospital was consistently increased over time from 1996 to 2016 (age-adjusted OR: 6.01; 95% CI 5.81 to 6.21 versus home deaths). Controlling for individual characteristics, regional supply of hospital and nursing home beds and other changes in health and social care systems, death from dementia following the national dementia plan was likely to occur in hospital (adjusted OR: 1.21; 95% CI 1.18 to 1.24), intermediate geriatric care facility (adjusted OR: 1.53; 95% CI 1.48 to 1.58) or nursing home (adjusted OR: 1.64; 95% CI 1.60 to 1.69) rather than at home.ConclusionsAs the number of deaths from dementia increased over the decades, in-hospital deaths increased regardless of the national dementia plan. Further strategies should be explored to improve the availability of palliative and end-of-life care at patients' places of residence.
doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023172 pmid:30559156 pmcid:PMC6303640 fatcat:bt65en7ivncypi2b2fppekdx3y