Complexity of Arithmetic in Warded Datalog+- [article]

Lucas Berent, Markus Nissl, Emanuel Sallinger
<span title="2022-02-10">2022</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Warded Datalog+- extends the logic-based language Datalog with existential quantifiers in rule heads. Existential rules are needed for advanced reasoning tasks, e.g., ontological reasoning. The theoretical efficiency guarantees of Warded Datalog+- do not cover extensions crucial for data analytics, such as arithmetic. Moreover, despite the significance of arithmetic for common data analytic scenarios, no decidable fragment of any Datalog+- language extended with arithmetic has been identified.
more &raquo; ... e close this gap by defining a new language that extends Warded Datalog+- with arithmetic and prove its P-completeness. Furthermore, we present an efficient reasoning algorithm for our newly defined language and prove descriptive complexity results for a recently introduced Datalog fragment with integer arithmetic, thereby closing an open question. We lay the theoretical foundation for highly expressive Datalog+- languages that combine the power of advanced recursive rules and arithmetic while guaranteeing efficient reasoning algorithms for applications in modern AI systems, such as Knowledge Graphs.
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