Public School Administration. Ellwood P. Cubberley

Joseph Henry Johnston
1916 The School Review  
Public School Administration. By ELLWOOD P. CUBBERLEY. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1916. Pp. xviii+479. $1.75. This book is one of a series of three, the other two of which are to appear soon. It deals with the organization and administration of a school system, while the other two are to be concerned with the administration of a school and with classroom teaching, respectively. In other words, the present volume is especially concerned with the work of the city superintendent, while the
more » ... ndent, while the other two will treat particularly of the work of the school principal and of the classroom teacher, respectively. One is likely to feel, after a superficial examination of the present book, that the author has attempted too much. The subjects, or, perhaps, the phases of the subject, are so numerous that one wishes that the author had confined himself to a narrower field. As one follows the book through carefully, however, one is gradually convinced that the author has sensed the needs and the possibilities of our public-school system; that he not only has large vision, but that he has served his apprenticeship and knows the system as no one does who has not come into intimate contact with its problems; and that he is able in one volume to treat helpfully, if not as elaborately as one might wish, the whole field that he has chosen. The knowledge of the large city school systems of the country gained through his connection with various school surveys is undoubtedly a valuable asset to the author in the production of a work like the present book. The book is composed of three parts. Part I is devoted to a brief survey of the historical development of schools and school systems. Part II, which is the main body of the book, is entitled "The City School District and Its Problems." Under this head the author discusses the selection and the work of school boards, superintendents, principals, and teachers, the training and salary of teachers, the construction of curricula and the adaptation of the subject-matter of instruction to the various social groups and individual needs, scientific measurement in education, school health and attendance, clerical work, school funds, auxiliary-education agencies, and school records and reports. The author has, as he remarks in his preface, sought to avoid a colorless amassing of facts, as well as a collection of confusing and contradictory opinions. He has not hesitated to give the stamp of his approval and the weight of his conviction on all of the large questions of school policy. The chapters dealing with the organization and functions of school boards and the selection of the city superintendent, his training, personal qualifications, duties, and opportunities as an organizer, manager, and supervisor are 559 This content downloaded from 128.
doi:10.1086/436654 fatcat:cohcztiaunhmhhr2qj56kwuhga