Artificial intelligence for assisting cancer diagnosis and treatment in the era of precision medicine

Zi-Hang Chen, Li Lin, Chen-Fei Wu, Chao-Feng Li, Rui-Hua Xu, Ying Sun
2021 Cancer Communications  
Over the past decade, artificial intelligence (AI) has contributed substantially to the resolution of various medical problems, including cancer. Deep learning (DL), a subfield of AI, is characterized by its ability to perform automated feature extraction and has great power in the assimilation and evaluation of large amounts of complicated data. On the basis of a large quantity of medical data and novel computational technologies, AI, especially DL, has been applied in various aspects of
more » ... gy research and has the potential to enhance cancer diagnosis and treatment. These applications range from early cancer detection, diagnosis, classification and grading, molecular characterization of tumors, prediction of patient outcomes and treatment responses, personalized treatment, automatic radiotherapy workflows, novel anti-cancer drug discovery, and clinical trials. In this review, we introduced the general principle of AI, summarized major areas of its application for cancer diagnosis and treatment, and discussed its future directions and remaining challenges. As the adoption of AI in clinical use is increasing, we anticipate the arrival of AI-powered cancer care.
doi:10.1002/cac2.12215 pmid:34613667 pmcid:PMC8626610 fatcat:nt5z4icazfarhhensa7lyoy2e4