Allocation of layer bandwidths and FECs for video multicast over wired and wireless networks

T.-W.A. Lee, S.-H.G. Chan, Qian Zhang, Wen-Wu Zhu, Ya-Qin Zhang
2002 IEEE transactions on circuits and systems for video technology (Print)  
Layered multicast is an efficient technique to deliver video to heterogeneous receivers over wired and wireless networks. In this paper, we consider such a multicast system in which the server adapts the bandwidth and forward-error correction code (FEC) of each layer so as to maximize the overall video quality, given the heterogeneous client characteristics in terms of their end-to-end bandwidth, packet drop rate over the wired network, and bit-error rate in the wireless hop. In terms of FECs,
more » ... e also study the value of a gateway which "transcodes" packet-level FECs to byte-level FECs before forwarding packets from the wired network to the wireless clients. We present an analysis of the system, propose an efficient algorithm on FEC allocation for the base layer, and formulate a dynamic program with a fast and accurate approximation for the joint bandwidth and FEC allocation of the enhancement layers. Our results show that a transcoding gateway performs only slightly better than the nontranscoding one in terms of end-to-end loss rate, and our allocation is effective in terms of FEC parity and bandwidth served to each user. Index Terms-Layered video multicast, optimal bandwidth allocation, optimal FEC, transcoding and nontranscoding gateways, wireless Internet. as an Associate Researcher in the Internet Media Group and is now a Researcher with the Wireless and Networking Group. She has published over 40 refereed papers and is the inventor of several pending patents. Her current research interests include multimedia delivery over wireless, Internet, next-generation wireless networks, and P2P network/ad hoc networks. Currently, she is participating in TCP/IP header compression in ROHC WG in IETF. She is the principal contributor to the IETF ROHC-TCP WG draft. Wen-Wu Zhu (S'92-M'97-SM'01) received the B.
doi:10.1109/tcsvt.2002.806816 fatcat:b23m7aypljakdmaibu45c3klsa