An experimental investigation into model-scale installed jet–pylon–wing noise

Stefano Meloni, Anderson R. Proença, Jack L.T. Lawrence, Roberto Camussi
2021 Journal of Fluid Mechanics  
A model-scale experimental investigation of an installed jet–pylon–wing configuration was conducted at the University of Southampton, with the scope to study the effect a pylon has on noise generation and to clarify its impact on the fluctuating wall-pressure load. The set-up consisted of two single-stream nozzles, a baseline axisymmetric annular nozzle and a partially blocked annular pylon nozzle. The nozzles were tested first isolated and then installed next to a NACA4415 aerofoil 'wing' at a
more » ... single nozzle–wing position. The jet Mach number was varied between $0.5 \leq M_{{j}} \leq 0.8$ and measurements were performed both under static and in-flight ambient flow conditions up to ${M_{{f}} = 0.2}$ . The jet flow-field qualification was carried out using a single-velocity-component hot-wire anemometer probe. The pressure field on the wing surface was investigated using two miniature wall-pressure transducers that were flush-mounted in the streamwise and spanwise directions within the pressure side of the wing. A linear 'flyover' microphone array was used to record the noise radiated to the far field. The unsteady pressure data were analysed in both time and frequency domains using multi-variate statistics, highlighting a far-field noise reduction provided by the presence of the pylon only in the installed case. Furthermore, the wake field generated behind the pylon is seen to significantly modify the wall-pressure fluctuations, particularly at streamwise locations close to the pylon trailing edge.
doi:10.1017/jfm.2021.831 fatcat:vlmkx67j6veh5im7guhqj5ezuq