Utilizing Modern Systems in Online Replacement of Pipelines in Crisis Management and Passive Defense of Vital Lifelines

2018 International Journal of Constructive Research in Civil Engineering  
Every once in a while in sidewalks and streets of our country's cities and even rural areas, we are witnessing various drillings from different city organizations and institutes including municipalities, electricity companies, and etc. These drillings that are being done for different reasons such as creating pipeline networks for transferring water, sewage, natural gas and even transfer and distribution of petroleum fuels including raw oil and in some cases for cable lines of electricity and
more » ... f electricity and telecommunications, it might be for the first time and in fact for constructing and installing new pipelines and cable lines or that due to defects and damages to existing underground pipes and cables, it would be necessary to drill, excavate and exchange or repair networks.
doi:10.20431/2454-8693.0402005 fatcat:sxennt7oqjcxfb3lohazs2gc6i