Práticas e saberes socioculturais sobre saúde, doença e morte de crianças de 0 a 5 anos de idade, na comunidade de Mopeia (Moçambique)
A minha preciosa mãe, Celestina Sande, responsável do alicerce da minha educação, por tantas histórias e gestos singelos de carinho, amor, ensinamentos e suporte a mim e aos meus irmãos. Aos meus irmãos: Domingos, João (Joãozinho), António, Ana, Casimiro e Manel, pelo incentivo, proteção, amor e por permitirem aprender sempre com as vossas experiências. A todos aqueles que juntos compartilhamos momentos de alegria e tristeza Martinnho Luemba e Carlos Tavares. Muito obrigado pelos momentos
... elos momentos impares e inesquecíveis. Palavras-chave: Moçambique, amamentação, campanha sanitária, malária, vacinação, saneamento 8 CHIDASSICUA, Jose Braz. Socio-cultural practices and awareness about health, disease and death of children aged between 0-5 at Mopeia Comunity ABSTRACT This qualitative study seeks to understand the socio-cultural meanings about health, disease and death of children aged between 0-5 at Mopeia community. Its object is the government run health campaigns in Mozambique, particularly children vaccination, mosquito nets use, exclusive breast feeding up to six years of age. By applying the ethnographic method, particularly through participative observation, field diary and interviews to capture the relationship between the practices, the socio-cultural knowledge and the individuals of the community, a field work was carried out between July and September 2010. The results show that some socio-cultural practices like lack of hygienic practices and community sanitation, non exclusive breast feeding up to six years of age, the improper use of mosquito nets, associated to the shortage of health care assistance can be contributing to the mortality of children under five by preventable diseases. It was also observed that there is a mismatch between public health programs, particularly those addressed to preventable diseases like malaria and diarrhea and the reality of the community. Thus, there is the need to match the campaigns to the socio-cultural practices in the region, make available and expand infrastructure for primary health care to boost the efficacy of the intervention in public health policies aimed at fighting and reducing the death rates by preventable diseases of children under five years of age.