Modeling spatial, developmental, physiological, and topological constraints on human brain connectivity [article]

Stuart Oldham, Ben D. Fulcher, Kevin M Aquino, Aurina M Arnatkeviciute, Casey Paquola, Rosita Shishegar, Alex Fornito
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
The complex connectivity of nervous systems is thought to have been shaped by competitive selection pressures to minimize wiring costs and support adaptive function. Accordingly, recent modeling work indicates that stochastic processes, shaped by putative trade-offs between the cost and value of each connection, can successfully reproduce many topological properties of macroscale human connectomes measured with diffusion magnetic resonance imaging. Here, we derive a new formalism with the aim
more » ... more accurately capture the competing pressures of wiring cost minimization and topological complexity. We further show that model performance can be improved by accounting for developmental changes in brain geometry and associated wiring costs, and by using inter-regional transcriptional or microstructural similarity rather than topological wiring-rules. However, all models struggled to capture topologies spatial embedding. Our findings highlight an important role for genetics in shaping macroscale brain connectivity and indicate that stochastic models offer an incomplete account of connectome organization.
doi:10.1101/2021.09.29.462379 fatcat:3k5w4mcjxbf3rijksqnfo5sxrm