Nucleolin Transports Hsp72 to the Plasma Membrane Preparatory to its Release into the Microenvironment

Appukuttan NR Pradeep, Alexzander Asea, Punit Kaur
2016 Journal of Cell Science & Therapy  
Purpose: Our previous studies demonstrated that thermal stress induces the release of Hsp72 from cells by a mechanism independent of the classical protein transport pathway. However, the exact mechanism by which Hsp72, a leaderless protein, gains access to the extracellular milieu remains unknown. Materials and methods: This study is designed to determine the mechanism by which intracellular Hsp72 trafficking and release occurs. The data presented in this study suggests intracellular Hsp72
more » ... cellular Hsp72 trafficking using Western blotting and Flow Cytometry. Also, unknown membrane bound proteins were identified doing in-gel digestion and LC-MS/MS. Results: We demonstrate that within 60 minutes after first exposure of cells to heat shock treatment, plasma membrane bound Hsp72 is shed and redistributed into cytosolic compartments. Inhibition of active cell transport by pre-treatment of cells with Cytochalasin B completely abrogated Hsp72 redistribution from the plasma membrane into the cytosol. Cross-linking of plasma membrane bound proteins with Hsp72 followed by Western blot analysis and LC-MS/MS analysis revealed at least seven interacting partners with Hsp72, including nucleolin, Hsp90, gp96, CAP2, TLR2, 4 and 7. Transfection of cells with nucleolin-siRNA completely inhibited baseline and heat shockinduced Hsp72 release. Conclusions: Taken together, this study for the first time demonstrates that the plasma membrane acts as a reservoir for Hsp72 and suggests that nucleolin plays an important role in Hsp72 trafficking and release. Materials and Methods Cell culture conditions THP-1 cells were purchased from American Type Cell Culture (ATCC; Manassas, VA) were maintained at 37°C with 5% CO 2 , in complete medium RPMI 1640 containing 10% FBS and antibiotics J ournal o f C e ll Scien c e & T he rapy
doi:10.4172/2157-7013.1000254 fatcat:bcezmyk5tbgodnmoftubu6j6li