Criticality in conserved dynamical systems: Experimental observation vs. exact properties

Dimitrije Marković, Claudius Gros, André Schuelein
2013 Chaos  
Conserved dynamical systems are generally considered to be critical. We study a class of critical routing models, equivalent to random maps, which can be solved rigorously in the thermodynamic limit. The information flow is conserved for these routing models and governed by cyclic attractors. We consider two classes of information flow, Markovian routing without memory and vertex routing involving a one-step routing memory. Investigating the respective cycle length distributions for complete
more » ... phs we find log corrections to power-law scaling for the mean cycle length, as a function of the number of vertices, and a sub-polynomial growth for the overall number of cycles. When observing experimentally a real-world dynamical system one normally samples stochastically its phase space. The number and the length of the attractors are then weighted by the size of their respective basins of attraction. This situation is equivalent to 'on the fly' generation of routing tables for which we find power law scaling for the weighted average length of attractors, for both conserved routing models. These results show that critical dynamical systems are generically not scale-invariant, but may show power-law scaling when sampled stochastically. It is hence important to distinguish between intrinsic properties of a critical dynamical system and its behavior that one would observe when randomly probing its phase space.
doi:10.1063/1.4773003 pmid:23556943 fatcat:b4nkg4roafeafknioqmczsxcfu