OUP accepted manuscript
Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation
A paired kidney analysis on the impact of pre-transplant anti-HLA antibodies on graft survival Abstract Background Pretransplant donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies (DSA) are associated with impaired kidney graft survival, while the clinical relevance of non-donor specific anti-HLA antibodies (nDSA) is more controversial. The aim of the present paired kidney graft study was to compare the clinical relevance of DSA and nDSA. Methods To eliminate donor and era-dependent factors, a post-hoc paired
... a post-hoc paired kidney graft analysis was performed as part of a Dutch multicentre study evaluating all transplantations between 1995-2005 with available pretransplant serum samples. Anti-HLA antibodies were detected with a luminex single antigen bead assay. Results Among 3237 deceased donor transplantations, we identified 115 recipient pairs receiving a kidney from the same donor with one recipient being DSA positive and the other without anti-HLA antibodies. Patients with pretransplant DSA had a significantly lower 10-year death censored graft survival (55% vs. 82%, p=0.0001). Among 192 pairs with one recipient nDSA positive against either class I or II and the other without anti-HLA antibodies, graft survival did not significantly differ (74% vs. 77%, p=0.79). Only in patients with both nDSA class I and II there was a trend towards a lower graft survival (58%, p=0.06). Lastly, in a small group of 42 recipient pairs 10-year graft survival in recipients with DSA was 49% compared to 68% in recipients with nDSA (p=0.11). Conclusion This paired kidney analysis confirms that the presence of pretransplant DSA in deceased donor transplantations is a risk marker for graft loss, whereas nDSA in general are not associated with a lower graft survival. Subgroup analysis indicated that only in broadly sensitized patients with nDSA against class I and II, nDSA may be a risk marker for graft loss in the long term.