Quadriceps strengthening by the Kaatsu Training method in women with patellofemoral pain
Fortalecimento do quadríceps através do método Kaatsu Training em mulheres com dor femoropatelar

Fabiano Marcon Girardi, Leandro Caetano Guenka
2022 Fisioterapia e Pesquisa  
This is a cross-sectional, comparative, and randomized study aimed to evaluate the effects of the partial vascular occlusion technique (Kaatsu Training) associated with low load exercises in the muscle strengthening of quadriceps in women with patellofemoral pain. We evaluated 18 women with patellofemoral pain, aged from 18 to 35 years, allocated into two groups. The experimental group performed the strengthening with blood flow reduction with the aid of a sphygmomanometer, associated with low
more » ... oad (≅20% RM). Whereas the control group performed exercises with the same load, but without blood flow reduction. The treatment was performed three times a week for six weeks, totaling 18 sessions. We used the numerical pain rating scale (NPRS) and the anterior knee pain scale (AKPS) questionnaire for evaluation; we evaluated the muscle strength of knee extensors by the digital dynamometer. The results showed that the partial vascular occlusion technique significantly improved the values of quadriceps strength gain in the right, 6.22kg (p=0.03) and left limb, 6.98kg (p=0.04), in women with patellofemoral pain. Therefore, training with partial vascular occlusion can be useful for strengthening of the knee extensor musculature in women with patellofemoral pain who, because of the pain, have low tolerance to high load exercises for muscle strengthening. An effective, safe and cost-effective technique, which does not require an investment in a leg extension machine, since, with a cuff, low load exercises can offer significant results.
doi:10.1590/1809-2950/22001529022022en fatcat:sc45ucqwjvaalfdkgslx3kugxu