A novel ceftazidime-hydrolysing extended-spectrum -lactamase, CTX-M-54, with a single amino acid substitution at position 167 in the omega loop
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
A novel ceftazidime-hydrolysing extended-spectrum b-lactamase, CTX-M-54, with a single amino acid substitution at position 167 in the omega loop Objectives: To characterize a novel ceftazidime-hydrolysing CTX-M mutant, designated CTX-M-54, produced by Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolate BDK0419 and to investigate its genetic environment. Methods: Antimicrobial susceptibilities were determined by disc diffusion and agar dilution methods, and the double-disc synergy test was carried out.
... carried out. Detection of genes encoding class A b-lactamases was performed by PCR amplification, and the genetic organization of the bla CTX-M-54 gene was investigated by PCR and sequencing of the regions surrounding this gene. Kinetic parameters were determined from purified CTX-M-54. Results: The strain BDK0419 contained a transferable plasmid with a molecular size of 21 kbp that carries both bla SHV-2a and bla CTX-M-54 b-lactamase genes, along with two other plasmids. The bla CTX-M-54 gene was flanked upstream by an ISEcp1 insertion sequence and downstream by an IS903-like element. CTX-M-54 had a P167Q substitution within the omega loop region of class A b-lactamases compared with the sequence of CTX-M-3. The MIC of ceftazidime for K. pneumoniae BDK0419 was 16-fold higher than that of cefotaxime; however, the kinetic parameter of CTX-M-54 against ceftazidime revealed a low catalytic efficiency. Conclusions: This work shows once again that novel CTX-M enzymes with an expanded activity towards ceftazidime through a single amino acid substitution can be identified from clinical isolates. Thus, detection of CTX-M enzymes can no longer be based solely on the resistance phenotypes of clinical isolates towards ceftazidime and cefotaxime.