The Origins of Human Functional Stereotaxis: A Reappraisal

Lara Rzesnitzek, Marwan Hariz, Joachim K. Krauss, Universitätsbibliothek Der FU Berlin
In order to shed light on the first application of human functional stereotactic neurosurgery, whether it was in the realm of movement disorders, as has been claimed repeatedly, or in the realm of psychiatry, a review of the original scholarly literature was conducted. Tracking and scrutinising original publications by Spiegel and Wycis, the pioneers of human stereotactic neurosurgery, it was found that its origin and the very incentive for its development and first clinical use were to avoid
more » ... use were to avoid the side effects of frontal leucotomy. The first applications of functional stereotactic neurosurgery were in performing dorsomedial thalamotomies in psychiatric patients; it was only later that the stereotactic technique was applied in patients with chronic pain, movement disorders and epilepsy. Spiegel and Wycis' first functional stereotactic operations were for obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, and other psychiatric conditions.
doi:10.17169/refubium-28338 fatcat:5qlze7e24fahrecugns6yrlc6u