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Jasplakinolide, a naturally occurring cyclic peptide from the marine sponge, Jaspis johnstoni, has both fungicidal and antiproliferative activity. We now report that this peptide is a potent inducer of actin polymerization in vitro. The peptide has a much greater effect on Mg(2+)-actin than on Ca(2+)-actin. Competitive binding studies using rhodamine-phalloidin suggest that jasplakinolide binds to F-actin competitively with phalloidin with a dissociation constant of approximately 15 nM. Thispmid:8195116 fatcat:oenwi42osjbrtcgmk7tqfexini