Toxicity and pathological effects of orally and intraperitoneally administered ivermectin on sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax

F Athanassopoulou, V Ragias, M Roth, N Liberis, S Hatzinikolaou
2002 Diseases of Aquatic Organisms  
The toxicity and histopathology of ivermectin was studied in 3 and 35 g sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax L. following in-feed, oral intubation and injection administration at dose rates ranging from 0.5 to 3.5 mg kg -1 . Estimated LD 50 values for 3 g fish were 0.335 and 0.106 mg kg -1 following oral intubation and injection administration respectively, for fish reared at 11°C; and 0.839 and 1.023 mg kg -1 following oral intubation and injection administration, respectively for fish reared at
more » ... fish reared at 20°C. For 35 g fish reared at 11°C, the estimated LD 50 was 0.523 and 0.361 mg kg -1 following oral intubation and injection administration respectively. No signs of toxicity were observed when the compound was administered via the feed at 0.5 and 0.7 mg kg -1 . However, toxicity (> 10%) was observed at dose rates of 0.2 mg kg -1 and higher when the compound was administered via oral intubation and at 0.5 mg kg -1 when administered via injection. The compound was significantly more toxic to fish reared at 11°C than at 20°C. Further, ivermectin was more toxic to 3 g than to 35 g sea bass when administered via injection. Histopathological examination of the major organs revealed pathology was largely restricted to gills and intestinal tissue. In 3 g sea bass, lesions were also found in the kidneys. KEY WORDS: Ivermectin · Sea bass · Dicentrarchus labrax · Toxicity · Histopathology Resale or republication not permitted without written consent of the publisher
doi:10.3354/dao052069 pmid:12517007 fatcat:5rr7ozsrwbcnha7dgh3li43wny