Advertisement and release call characteristics of the Common toad, Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758), (Amphibia: Anura) from Karabük, Turkey

Orkun Yakar, Yusuf Kumlutaş, Çetin Ilgaz
BIHAREAN BIOLOGIST   unpublished
Advertisement calls and release calls of the common toad, Bufo bufo, from Karabük, were analysed in the current study. Advertisement calls generally consisted of consecutive pulse groups, ending with a long pulse group. Two types of release calls were observed. The first type did not have consecutive pulse groups, while the second consisted of consecutive pulse groups with final long pulse group. Both advertisement and release calls of B. bufo were described for the first time from Turkey.
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