Functionalization of biopolymer fibers with magnetic nanoparticles
Physical Sciences Reviews
AbstractHybrid fibers consisting of biopolymers and inorganic nanoparticles are receiving increasing attention due to their unique properties. Commonly, the nanoparticles are chosen for their intrinsic properties such as magnetic, thermal, or electrical conductivity. The biopolymer component of the hybrid fiber is chosen for its mechanical properties and ability to act as a scaffold or matrix for the nanoparticles. While there are many fiber-forming synthetic polymers, there has been a recent
... terest in replacing these systems with biopolymers due to their sustainability, biocompatibility, nontoxicity, and biodegradability. Fibers made from biopolymers have one additional benefit over synthetic polymers as they make good scaffolds for embedding nanoparticles without the need of any additional bonding agents. In particular, naturally occurring biopolymers such as proteins exhibit a myriad of interactions with nanoparticles, including ionic, H-bonding, covalent, Van der Waals, and electrostatic interactions. The diverse range of interactions between magnetic nanoparticles and biopolymers makes resulting hybrid fibers of particular interest as magnetic-responsive materials. Magnetically responsive hybrid biopolymer fibers have many features, including enhanced thermal stabilities, strong mechanical toughness, and perhaps most interestingly multifunctionality, allowing for a wide range of applications. These applications range from biosensing, filtration, UV shielding, antimicrobial, and medical applications, to name a few. Here, we review established hybrid fibers consisting of biopolymers and nanoparticles with a primary focus on biopolymers doped with magnetic nanoparticles and their various putative applications.