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Modeling the Effort Paradox: Effort can have positive and negative influence on value within an individual, across individuals, and across choice situations
Performance of virtually every action requires some degree of effort. Thus, it plays a role in motivation and decision-making processes. Recent works suggest that effort-based choice might not always follow the law of less work, i.e., effort negatively influencing evaluation of effort-contingent outcomes. Instead, effort can also have a positive impact on evaluation. To test this proposition, recently termed the effort paradox, we introduce a novel model that allows effort to have both negativedoi:10.31234/osf.io/6xkmy fatcat:sapl6sp4u5djbnfevih5fpf3ga