A Parallel Framework for Multipoint Spiral Search inab InitioProtein Structure Prediction

Mahmood A. Rashid, Swakkhar Shatabda, M. A. Hakim Newton, Md Tamjidul Hoque, Abdul Sattar
2014 Advances in Bioinformatics  
Protein structure prediction is computationally a very challenging problem. A large number of existing search algorithms attempt to solve the problem by exploring possible structures and finding the one with the minimum free energy. However, these algorithms perform poorly on large sized proteins due to an astronomically wide search space. In this paper, we present a multipoint spiral search framework that uses parallel processing techniques to expedite exploration by starting from different
more » ... nts. In our approach, a set of random initial solutions are generated and distributed to different threads. We allow each thread to run for a predefined period of time. The improved solutions are stored threadwise. When the threads finish, the solutions are merged together and the duplicates are removed. A selected distinct set of solutions are then split to different threads again. In ourab initioprotein structure prediction method, we use the three-dimensional face-centred-cubic lattice for structure-backbone mapping. We use both the low resolution hydrophobic-polar energy model and the high-resolution20×20energy model for search guiding. The experimental results show that our new parallel framework significantly improves the results obtained by the state-of-the-art single-point search approaches for both energy models on three-dimensional face-centred-cubic lattice. We also experimentally show the effectiveness of mixing energy models within parallel threads.
doi:10.1155/2014/985968 pmid:24744779 pmcid:PMC3976798 fatcat:3ozeocfgjbfy3puxabitu2winu