Effect of subcutaneous injections of PYY1-36 and PYY3-36 on appetite, ad libitum energy intake, and plasma free fatty acid concentration in obese males
American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Sloth B, Davidsen L, Holst JJ, Flint A, Astrup A. Effect of subcutaneous injections of PYY1-36 and PYY3-36 on appetite, ad libitum energy intake, and plasma free fatty acid concentration in obese males. Intraveneous (iv) PYY 3-36 infusions have been reported to reduce energy intake (EI) in humans, whereas few studies exist on effects of PYY1-36. The aim of the present study was to examine effects of subcutaneous (sc) injections of PYY 1-36 and PYY3-36 on appetite, ad libitum EI, plasma
... tions of PYY and free fatty acids (FFA) in obese males. Twenty-four males (BMI 27-40 kg/m 2 ) were randomly assigned to two groups receiving sc injections of either PYY 1-36 or PYY3-36 in a blinded, placebo-controlled, dose-escalating, cross-over study. Subjects were studied 5 days in succession, with escalating doses of PYY 1-36 [saline, 50, 100, 150, and 200 pmol PYY1-36/kg lean body mass (LBM)], or PYY3-36 (saline, 25, 50, 75, and 100 pmol PYY 3-36/kg LBM), respectively. PYY injections resulted in dose-dependent increases in plasma PYY levels but no effect on EI in either the PYY 1-36 or the PYY3-36 group. However, increasing doses of PYY 3-36, but not PYY1-36, resulted in increased ratings of satiety and decreased ratings of hunger, thirst, and prospective food consumption. Although not dose dependently, significant elevation of plasma FFA was seen after injection of PYY 3-36, but not PYY1-36. Although sc administration of PYY was well tolerated, it remains to be determined whether high-dose PYY 3-36 is sufficient in reducing EI in long-term trials, and if so, whether the reduction in EI occurs without nausea. PYY 1-36 is unlikely to be important in regulating energy intake. The PYY 3-36 administrations caused a non-dose-dependent mobilization of FFA, likely through a direct effect.