Structural health monitoring of civil infrastructure

J. M. W. Brownjohn
2007 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences  
Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) is a term increasingly used in the last decade to describe a range of systems implemented on full-scale civil infrastructures and whose purposes are to assist and inform operators about continued 'fitness for purpose' of structures under gradual or sudden changes to their state, to learn about either or both of the load and response mechanisms. Arguably, forms of SHM have been employed in civil infrastructure for at least half a century, but it is only in the
more » ... ast decade or two that computer-based systems are being designed for the purpose of assisting owners/operators of aging infrastructure with timely information for their continued safe and economic operation. This paper describes the motivations for and recent history of SHM applications to various forms of civil infrastructure and provides case studies on specific types of structure. It ends with a discussion of the present state of the art and future developments in terms of instrumentation, data acquisition, communication systems and data mining and presentation procedures for diagnosis of infrastructural 'health'.
doi:10.1098/rsta.2006.1925 pmid:17255053 fatcat:p2ctfm5jlrexlooo2ttxpjsrbm