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The purpose of the present work was to study swimmers' efficiency during the underwater phase of the grab start. Eight high-level swimmers participated in this study. They performed two types of start: a regular grab start (with underwater leg propulsion after the glide) and a grab start with no underwater movement (swimmers had to remain in a streamlined position). Four cameras filmed the entire underwater phase of all starts. Nine anatomic landmarks were identified on the swimmers' bodies anddoi:10.1123/jab.26.4.501 fatcat:fpm6fu364vf2jeulgejybbqeru