Knowledge Improvement on Burn Injury Prevention and First Management after One-Day Health Promotion Event

Lisa Hasibuan, Hardisiswo Soedjana, Dany Hilmanto, Vita Murniati Tarawan, Benny Muliawan, Putra Haqiqie Adnantama Lubis
2019 Majalah Kedokteran Bandung  
Burns causes a significant number of mortality and morbidity, especially in developing countries, such as Indonesia. The majority of burns in Indonesia are caused by LPG-related (liquefied petroleum gas) flame (33%). Since the first management of burn will influence its outcome, health promotion efforts to improve knowledge to prevent burns and to provide first aid for burn is considered important to reduce morbidity and mortality. This was a descriptive study conducted in a Sub-district in
more » ... Sub-district in Indonesia using a one-day community health promotion event as the intervention period Oktober 2018. The aim of this study was to compare the knowledge level regarding burn prevention and first management before and after the health promotion event. Respondents were recruited purposively (n=61) and a pre-event questionnaire were distributed to be filled out. Demographic data showed that 31% of participants had experienced burns in the past; 100% of participants used 3kg LPG gas tank in their home; 98% of participants had never been taught on how to handle an emergency situation or how to arrange an evacuation route; and 100% of participants felt that their neighborhood did not provide facilities for burn management. A post-event questionnaire was then distributed and results were compared. A significant improvement of knowledge was seen with an increase of median score from 2.0 to 9.0 (p<0.001). In conclusion, despite the fact that all participants used 3 kg LPG gas tank, they do not have proper knowledge regarding prevention or management of burns and that a one-day health promotion event can increase this knowledge significantly. Abstrak Luka bakar merupakan sebuah masalah yang menyebabkan morbiditas dan mortalitas tinggi di negara berkembang, termasuk Indonesia. Mayoritas luka bakar (33%) diakibatkan oleh api dari ledakan tabung gas LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) 3 kg dan mayoritas rumah tangga menggunakannya. Pelaksanaan penyuluhan mengenai pencegahan dan penanganan awal diharapkan dapat menurunkan angka morbiditas dan mortalitas akibat luka bakar. Penelitian deskriptif ini bertujuan membandingkan tingkat pengetahuan tentang pencegahan luka bakar dan manajemen pertama sebelum dan setelah acara promosi kesehatan Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kelurahan/Desa Babakan Sari, Antapani, Bandung pada bulan Oktober 2018 untuk mengedukasi dan meningkatkan pengetahuan responden. Dari total 61 responden (45 wanita dan 16 pria) dengan mayoritas responden berusia di atas 60 tahun (45.9%), didapatkan 32.8% responden pernah mengalami luka bakar, 100% responden menggunakan gas LPG 3 kg, 98% peserta tidak pernah mendapatkan penyuluhan mengenai penanganan luka bakar, dan 100% peserta merasa tidak ada fasilitas penanganan kebakaran di wilayah mereka. Pengetahuan responden dinilai sebelum dan sesudah dilakukan penyuluhan dan didapatkan peningkatan secara signifikan dan bermakna (p<0.001). Simpulan, meskipun semua responden yang menggunakan tangki gas LPG 3 kg tidak memiliki pengetahuan yang memadai pencegahan atau pengelolaan luka bakar, penyuluhan ini efektif dapat menurunkan angka kejadian luka bakar. Kata kunci: Kesehatan komunitas, kesehatan masyarakat, luka bakar, pengetahuan, penyuluhan MKB. 51(4):233-9 https://doi.
doi:10.15395/mkb.v51n4.1747 fatcat:ravbso565vaw7pqc3ysx4zgzme