J. Berges, Sz. Borsányi, C. Wetterich
2004 Physical Review Letters  
Prethermalization of the equation of state and the kinetic temperature to their equilibrium values occurs on time scales dramatically shorter than the thermal equilibration time. This is a crucial ingredient for the understanding of collisions of heavy nuclei or other nonequilibrium phenomena in complex quantum and classical many body systems. We also compare the chemical equilibration time with other characteristic time scales.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.93.142002 pmid:15524783 fatcat:dtqnbb3pgvgurjfm4nyyyamraa