Assessment of the Prevalence and Associated Factors of Pneumonia in Children 2to 59 Months Old, Debreberhan District,North East Ethiopia

Gebretsadik Shibre
Childhood Pneumonia is the commonest cause of suffering worldwide among under- five children where it accounts more than one out of seven under- five deaths globally. It is the single leading cause of death in Ethiopia, accounting 18% of all under five mortality burden. Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of pneumonia in 2 -59 months old children in Debre-Brehan district. Methods: Community based cross sectional study was conducted in
more » ... conducted in Debre-Brehan district from February 15 to February 25, 2015, 2015. Stratified, multi-stage sampling technique was used to proportionally draw households from each of the selected 6 kebeles- two from rural and four from urban strata, based on the number of kebeles in the strata - by taking in to account the number of households in each of these selected kebeles. Pre-tested Interviewer administered structured questionnaire was employed to collect data from randomly selected 458 households. Three diploma nurses and a public health officer were participating in the survey as data collectors and supervisor, respectively. The data was entered in to EPIDATA version 3.1 and then exported to Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 21 for analysis. Result: The prevalence of pneumonia in 2 to 59 months old children was estimated to be 5.5%. Past history of measles ( AOR = 2.676;95%CI 1.049,6.830; p-value= 0.039) and diarrhea (AOR =5.293; 95%CI 2.107,13.298; p-value= 0.000), use of improved latrine (AOR= 0.157; 95% CI 0.057,0.431; p-value =0.000)) and breastfeeding for 2 or more years (AOR=0.152; 95%CI 0.042, 0.553; p-value= 0.004) were found to be significant predictors of pneumonia among 2 to 59 months old children in this study. Conclusion and recommendation : The present study identified a relatively low prevalence of pneumonia in 2 to 59 months old children. It also pointed out such modifiable risk factors of pneumonia in this age group as past history of diarrhea & measles, use of not improved latrine and [...]
doi:10.20372/nadre/12607 fatcat:sruosppjxfbf3mfkxq3inmrsg4