Intranasal and Intramuscular Immunization with Outer Membrane Vesicles from Serogroup C Meningococci Induced Functional Antibodies and Immunologic Memory

Amanda Izeli Portilho, Victor Araujo Correa, Cinthya dos Santos Cirqueira, Elizabeth De Gaspari
Immunization is the key to prevent invasive meningococcal disease (IMD), caused by Neisseria meningitidis. Outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) can be used as meningococcal antigens. Isogenic mice A/Sn (H2a) were immunized with low antigenic doses of OMVs of an N. meningitidis C:2a:P1.5 strain, via intranasal/intramuscular route, adjuvanted by cholera toxin subunit B (CTB) or via intramuscular route only, adjuvanted by aluminium hydroxide (AH). Mice were followed until old age and humoral and
more » ... responses were assessed by ELISA, Immunoblotting, Dot-blot, Serum-bactericidal assay, Immunohistochemistry and ELISpot. OMV+CTB and OMV+AH groups presented statistically higher antibodies titers, which persisted until middle and old ages. IgG isotypes point to a Th2 type of response. Avidity indexes were considered high, regardless of adjuvant use, but only groups immunized with OMVs and adjuvants (OMV+CTB and OMV+AH) presented bactericidal activity. The antibodies recognized antigens of molecular weights attributed to porin and cross-reactivity proteins. Although the spleen of old mice did not present differences in immunohistochemistry marking of CD68+, CD4+, CD79+ and CD25+ cells, splenocytes of immune groups secreted IL-4 and IL-17 when stimulated with OMVs and meningococcal C polysaccharide. We concluded that both adjuvants, CTB and AH, improved the immunogenicity of low doses of OMVs and contributed to a persistent immune response. Even though AH is well established in the vaccinology area, CTB seems to be a promising adjuvant candidate for meningococcal vaccines: it is suitable for mucosal delivery and supports a Th2 type of response. Therefore, OMVs are still a relevant vaccine platform.
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.20489280.v1 fatcat:3kz7qtiqhfc4tjodyetyy4naai