Benthic diffusive fluxes of organic and inorganic carbon, ammonium and phosphates from deep water sediments of the Baltic Sea

Monika Lengier, Beata Szymczycha, Aleksandra Brodecka-Goluch, Żaneta Kłostowska, Karol Kuliński
2021 Oceanologia  
In this study, Baltic Sea sediments, as a source of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), dissolved organic carbon (DOC), ammonium (NH 4 + ), and phosphates (PO 4 3 − ), were investigated based on samples obtained in 2017 and 2018, shortly after a sequence of inflows from the North Sea that occurred between 2014 and 2017. Two different data sets (I and II) were used to assess benthic diffusive fluxes and thus elucidate both the temporal conditions at the time of sampling (data set I) and the
more » ... on potential of the sediments (data set II). The estimated fluxes were characterized by a high spatial variability within the whole Baltic Sea and ranged between −0.01 and 3.33 mmol m −2 d −1 for DIC, −0.02 and 0.44 mmol m −2 d −1 for DOC, −40.5 and 1370.1 μmol m −2 d −1 for NH 4 + , and −5.9 and 60.9 μmol m −2 d −1 for PO 4 3 − . The estimated benthic diffusive fluxes indicated a high potential for DIC, DOC, NH 4 + , and PO 4 3 − release from Baltic Sea sediments. The high O 2 concentrations in the water column of the Gulf of Bothnia together with major Baltic inflows (MBIs) bringing oxygenated seawater to the Baltic Proper and to some extent the Eastern Gotland Basin regulate the amounts of chemicals released from the sediment. Our study showed that a sequence of inflows has greater impact on the diminution of diffusive fluxes than does a single MBI and that the sediments of the Baltic Proper, even under the influence of inflows, are an important source of C, N, and P (159 kt yr −1 for DIC + DOC, 6.3
doi:10.1016/j.oceano.2021.04.002 fatcat:3kgjovr5tfg2pcls4v3w7clgjm