Expression of Hepatoma-Derived Growth Factor Is Correlated with Lymph Node Metastasis and Prognosis of Gastric Carcinoma
Clinical Cancer Research
Purpose: Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) is a unique nuclear/growth factor and might play an important role in the development and progression of carcinomas. In the present study, association of HDGF expression with recurrence and prognosis of gastric carcinoma was examined. Patients and Methods: HDGF expression in 317 patients with gastric carcinoma (233 males and 84 females) with ages ranging from 26 to 81years (median, 60 years) was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Samples with >90%
... tumor cells to express positive immunoreactivity similar to or stronger than that in endothelial cells both for nucleus and cytoplasm were regarded as HDGF index level 2, and others as HDGF index level 1. Results: One hundred and eighty-two cases showed level 1 HDGF expression, whereas 135 cases showed level 2 HDGF expression. Patients with level 2 expression showed higher rates of proximal tumor location (P < 0.0001), large tumor size (P < 0.0001), infiltrative tumor growth (P < 0.0001), presence of vascular and lymphatic invasion (P < 0.0001 for both), presence of lymph node metastasis (P < 0.0001), deep tumor invasion (P < 0.0001), and poorer disease-free and overall survival (P < 0.0001for both) compared to those with level 1expression. Multivariate analysis revealed HDGF expression level as an independent prognosticator for disease-free and overall survival. Conclusion: HDGF expression level was shown to be a prognostic factor for gastric carcinoma.