Preadolescent girls with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: I. Background characteristics, comorbidity, cognitive and social functioning, and parenting practices

Stephen P. Hinshaw
2002 Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology  
This study investigated a diverse sample of girls (6 -12 years of age) with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), combined type (n ϭ 93) and inattentive type (n ϭ 47), plus age-and ethnicity-matched comparison girls (n ϭ 88), who participated in research summer programs. Speech and language problems, grade retention, and adoption characterized the ADHD sample; documented abuse characterized the combined type. Girls with ADHD showed dysfunction in terms of externalizing and
more » ... zing and internalizing behaviors and comorbidities, cognitive and academic performance, authoritarian parenting, and peer status. The inattentive type was more socially isolated but less rejected by peers than the combined type. ADHD-related impairment was independent of age and disruptive comorbidity. Further examination of processes related to psychopathology and competencies in girls with ADHD is needed.
doi:10.1037/0022-006x.70.5.1086 fatcat:ckdvvhu4gfbhtlhhettg76pr5a