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The CRISPR–Cas system for plant genome editing: advances and opportunities
Journal of Experimental Botany
Genome editing is an approach in which a specific target DNA sequence of the genome is altered by adding, removing, or replacing DNA bases. Artificially engineered hybrid enzymes, zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs), and transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs), and the CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats)-Cas (CRISPR-associated protein) system are being used for genome editing in various organisms including plants. The CRISPR-Cas system has been developeddoi:10.1093/jxb/eru429 pmid:25371501 fatcat:vyfdmznkgfcofk3s7mv7r6x3ii