CT Image Features of the FBP Reconstruction Algorithm in the Evaluation of Fasting Blood Sugar Level of Diabetic Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients and Early Diet Nursing

Lili Hong, Liling Lin, Jingping Chen, Biyu Wu, Osamah Ibrahim Khalaf
2021 Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine  
The study was aimed at exploring the application value of the CT image based on a filtered back projection (FBP) algorithm in the diagnosis of patients with diabetes complicated with tuberculosis and at analyzing the influence of dietary nursing on patients with diabetes complicated with tuberculosis. In this study, the FBP algorithm was used to optimize CT images to effectively obtain reconstructed ROI images. Then, the deviation from measurement values of reconstructed images at different
more » ... l levels was analyzed. 138 patients with diabetes complicated with tuberculosis were selected as research subjects to compare the number of lung segments involved and the CT imaging manifestations at different fasting glucose levels. All patients were divided into the control group (routine drug treatment) and observation group (diet intervention on the basis of drug treatment) by random number table method, and the effect of different nursing methods on the improvement of patients' clinical symptoms was discussed. The results showed that the distance measurement value decreased with the increase in pixel level, there was no significant difference in the number of lung segments involved in patients with different fasting glucose levels ( P > 0.05 ), and there were statistically significant differences in the incidence of segmental lobar shadow, bronchial air sign, wall-less cavity, thick-walled cavity, pulmonary multiple cavity, and bronchial tuberculosis in patients with different fasting glucose levels ( P < 0.05 ). Compared with the control group, 2 h postprandial blood glucose level in the observation group was significantly improved ( P < 0.05 ), there was a statistical significance in the number with reduced pleural effusion and the number with reduced tuberculosis foci in the two groups ( P < 0.05 ), and the level of hemoglobin in the observation group was 7.1 ± 1.26 , significantly lower than that in the control group ( 8.91 ± 2.03 , P < 0.05 ). It suggested that the changes of CT images based on the FBP reconstruction algorithm were correlated with fasting blood glucose level. Personalized diet nursing intervention can improve the clinical symptoms of patients, which provides a reference for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of patients with diabetes complicated with tuberculosis.
doi:10.1155/2021/1101930 pmid:34840593 pmcid:PMC8616654 fatcat:ozcuortxjbgjzeepnw7gt6zdx4