Fake News Stance Detection Using Deep Learning Architecture (CNN-LSTM)

Muhammad Umer, Zainab Imtiaz, Saleem Ullah, Arif Mehmood, Gyu Sang Choi, Byung-Won On
2020 IEEE Access  
Society and individuals are negatively influenced both politically and socially by the widespread increase of fake news either way generated by humans or machines. In the era of social networks, the quick rotation of news makes it challenging to evaluate its reliability promptly. Therefore, automated fake news detection tools have become a crucial requirement. To address the aforementioned issue, a hybrid Neural Network architecture, that combines the capabilities of CNN and LSTM, is used with
more » ... wo different dimensionality reduction approaches, Principle Component Analysis (PCA) and Chi-Square. This work proposed to employ the dimensionality reduction techniques to reduce the dimensionality of the feature vectors before passing them to the classifier. To develop the reasoning, this work acquired a dataset from the Fake News Challenges (FNC) website which has four types of stances: agree, disagree, discuss, and unrelated. The nonlinear features are fed to PCA and chi-square which provides more contextual features for fake news detection. The motivation of this research is to determine the relative stance of a news article towards its headline. The proposed model improves results by ∼ 4% and ∼ 20% in terms of Accuracy and F 1 − score. The experimental results show that PCA outperforms than Chi-square and state-of-the-art methods with 97.8% accuracy.
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3019735 fatcat:mqbb4exyuvfmbnycqbwal4okje