Hypolipidemic Effect of Young Persimmon Fruit in C57BL/6.KOR-ApoEshlMice

Kenji MATSUMOTO, Shin-ichiro YOKOYAMA, Nobuki GATO
2008 Bioscience, biotechnology and biochemistry  
We investigated the hypolipidemic effects of young persimmon fruit (YP) on apolipoprotein E-deficient C57BL/6.KOR-ApoE shl mice. These mice exhibited higher plasma cholesterols, except for high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and lower plasma HDL cholesterol than C57BL/6.Cr mice that had the same genetic background as the C57BL/6.KOR-ApoE shl mice. Male C57BL/6.KOR-ApoE shl mice (n ¼ 5) were fed a diet supplemented with dry YP, Hachiya-kaki, at a concentration of 5% (w/w) for 10 weeks. YP treatment
more » ... eeks. YP treatment significantly lowered plasma chylomicron, very lowdensity lipoprotein (VLDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterols, and triglyceride, and this response was accompanied by an elevation of fecal bile acid excretion. In the liver, sterol regulatory element binding protein-2 gene expression was significantly higher in mice fed YP, while the mRNA and protein levels of the LDL receptor did not change. These results indicate that acceleration of fecal bile acid excretion is a major mechanism of the hypolipidemic effect induced by YP in C57BL/6.KOR-ApoE shl mice.
doi:10.1271/bbb.80319 pmid:18838807 fatcat:fqkjgf4lxnbebdlqqxz7qc64x4