Tomographic Muon Imaging of the Great Pyramid of Giza

Alan D. Bross, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, IL, USA, E. C. Dukes, Ralf Ehrlich, Eric Fernandez, Sophie Dukes, Mohamed Gobashy, Ishbel Jamieson, Patrick J La Rivi`ere, Mira Liu, Gregory Marouard, Nadine Moeller (+20 others)
The pyramids of the Giza plateau have fascinated visitors since ancient times and are the last of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world still standing. It has been half a century since Luiz Alvarez and his team used cosmic-ray muon imaging to look for hidden chambers in Khafre's Pyramid. Advances in instrumentation for High-Energy Physics (HEP) allowed a new survey, ScanPyramids, to make important new discoveries at the Great Pyramid (Khufu) utilizing the same basic technique that the Alvarez
more » ... eam used, but now with modern instrumentation. Exploring the Great Pyramid Mission plans to field a very large muon telescope system that will be transformational with respect to the field of cosmic-ray muon imaging. We plan to field a telescope system that has upwards of 100 times the sensitivity of the equipment that has recently been used at the Great Pyramid, will image muons from nearly all angles, and will, for the first time, produce a true tomographic image of such a large structure.
doi:10.31526/jais.2022.280 fatcat:bip6gol76vam7pgshptnfzw4ye