Structure of soot-containing laminar jet diffusion flames

S. MORTAZAVI, P. SUNDERLAND, J. JURNG, U. KOYLU, G. FAETH
1993 31st Aerospace Sciences Meeting   unpublished
k!ai u The structure and soot properties of nonbuoyant and weakly-buoyant round jet diffusion flames were studied, considering ethylene, propane and acetylene burning in air at pressures of 0.125-2.0 atm. Measurements of flame structure included radiative heat loss fractions, flame shape and temperature distributions in the fuel-lean (overfire) region. These measurements were used to evaluate flame structure predictions based on the conserved-scalar formalism in con junction with the laminar
more » ... with the laminar flamelet concept, finding good agreement between predictions and measurements. Soot property measurements included laminar smoke points, soot volume function distributions using laser extinction, and soot structure using thermophoretic sampling and analysis by transmission elecaon microscopy. Nonbuoyant flames were found to exhibit laminar smoke points like buoyant flames but their properties are very different; in particular, nonbuoyant flames have laminar smoke point flame lengths and residence times that are shorter and longer, respectively, than buoyant flames. Soot property measurements suggest that these differences are caused by different soot paths in the fuel-rich region, and a much larger soot oxidation region, for nonbuoyant than buoyant flames
doi:10.2514/6.1993-708 fatcat:fjbqaw7vdndz3n3nxbwxfistvq