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Rate of hemoglobin decline: indication optimization of transcatheter angiographic embolization after PCNL
Background To evaluate the clinical characteristics and angiographic features of transcatheter angiographic embolization (TAE) in patients with active bleeding after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL).Methods Between October 2009 and April 2018, 45 patients who underwent TAE for hemorrhage control after PCNL were reviewed retrospectively. Patient clinical characteristics and angiographic features of TAE were analyzed.Results Of the 3148 patients, 45 (1.4%), including 35 men (77.78%) and 10doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-20619/v1 fatcat:6yv6yjjib5gpbp2kra7ngntjpe