Reconfigurable cache for real-time MPSoCs: Scheduling and implementation

Gang Chen, Biao Hu, Kai Huang, Alois Knoll, Kai Huang, Di Liu, Todor Stefanov, Feng Li
2016 Microprocessors and microsystems  
Shared cache in modern multi-core systems has been considered as one of the major factors that degrade system predictability and performance. How to manage the shared cache for real-time multi-core systems in order to optimize the system performance while guaranteeing the system predictability is an open issue. In this paper, we present a reconfigurable cache architecture which supports dynamic cache partitioning at hardware level and a framework that can exploit cache management for real-time
more » ... PSoCs. The proposed reconfigurable cache allows cores to dynamically allocate cache resource with minimal timing overhead while guaranteeing strict cache isolation among the real-time tasks. The cache management framework automatically determines time-triggered schedule and cache configuration for each task to minimize cache misses while guaranteeing the real-time constraints. We evaluate the proposed framework with respect to different numbers of cores and cache modules and prototype the constructed MPSoCs on FPGA. Our experiments show that, our automatic framework brings significant benefits over the state-of-the-art cache management strategies when testing 27 benchmark programs on the constructed MPSoCs.
doi:10.1016/j.micpro.2015.11.020 fatcat:paful55lavd3rbabcz6x7uf2aa