Random walks on Galton-Watson trees with infinite variance offspring distribution conditioned to survive

David Croydon, Takashi Kumagai
2008 Electronic Journal of Probability  
We establish a variety of properties of the discrete time simple random walk on a Galton-Watson tree conditioned to survive when the offspring distribution, Z say, is in the domain of attraction of a stable law with index α ∈ (1, 2]. In particular, we are able to prove a quenched version of the result that the spectral dimension of the random walk is 2α/(2α − 1). Furthermore, we demonstrate that when α ∈ (1, 2) there are logarithmic fluctuations in the quenched transition density of the simple
more » ... andom walk, which contrasts with the log-logarithmic fluctuations seen when α = 2. In the course of our arguments, we obtain tail bounds for the distribution of the nth generation size of a Galton-Watson branching process with offspring distribution Z conditioned to survive, as well as tail bounds for the distribution of the total number of individuals born up to the nth generation, that are uniform in n.
doi:10.1214/ejp.v13-536 fatcat:lzmyd2gdhje5jcpj75sdf7fzg4