Unsupervised Outlier Detection via Transformation Invariant Autoencoder

Zhen Cheng, En Zhu, Siqi Wang, Pei Zhang, Wang Li
2021 IEEE Access  
Autoencoder based methods are the majority of deep unsupervised outlier detection methods. However, these methods perform not well on complex image datasets and suffer from the noise introduced by outliers, especially when the outlier ratio is high. In this paper, we propose a framework named Transformation Invariant AutoEncoder (TIAE), which can achieve stable and high performance on unsupervised outlier detection. First, instead of using a conventional autoencoder, we propose a transformation
more » ... invariant autoencoder to do better representation learning for complex image datasets. Next, to mitigate the negative effect of noise introduced by outliers and stabilize the network training, we select the most confident inliers likely examples in each epoch as the training set by incorporating adaptive self-paced learning in our TIAE framework. Extensive evaluations show that TIAE significantly advances unsupervised outlier detection performance by up to 10% AUROC against other autoencoder based methods on five image datasets. INDEX TERMS Deep Learning, unsupervised outlier detection, autoencoder, transformation invariant autoencoder.
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3065838 fatcat:jisbs3qdefhxlb2t2colv7bom4