Classical Planning as QBF without Grounding (extended version) [article]

Irfansha Shaik, Jaco van de Pol
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Most classical planners use grounding as a preprocessing step, essentially reducing planning to propositional logic. However, grounding involves instantiating all action rules with concrete object combinations, and results in large encodings for SAT/QBF-based planners. This severe cost in memory becomes a main bottleneck when actions have many parameters, such as in the Organic Synthesis problems from the IPC 2018 competition. We provide a compact QBF encoding that is logarithmic in the number
more » ... f objects and avoids grounding completely, by using universal quantification for object combinations. We show that we can solve some of the Organic Synthesis problems, which could not be handled before by any SAT/QBF based planners due to grounding.
arXiv:2106.10138v2 fatcat:evjiw4gwzzf4bayz57ki5jtpmq