Software architectures for robotic systems: A systematic mapping study

Aakash Ahmad, Muhammad Ali Babar
2016 Journal of Systems and Software  
Software architecture related issues are important for robotic systems. Architecture centric development and evolution of software for robotic systems has been attracting researchers attention for more than two decades. The objective of this work is to systematically identify, taxonomically classify and holistically map existing solutions, research progress and trends that influence architecture-driven modeling, development and evolution of robotic software. We carried out a Systematic Mapping
more » ... tudy to identify and analyze the relevant literature based on 56 peer-reviewed papers. We extract and synthesize the data from selected papers to taxonomically classify the existing research and systematically map the solutions, frameworks, notations and evaluation methods to highlight the role of software architecture in robotic systems. We have identified eight distinct research themes that support architectural solutions to enable operations, evolution and development specific activities of robotic software. The research in this area has progressed from object oriented to component based and now to service driven robotics representing different architectural generations. The reported solutions have exploited model-driven, service oriented and reverse engineering techniques since 2005. An emerging trend is cloud robotics that exploits the foundations of service driven architectures to support an interconnected web of robots. The results of this SMS facilitate knowledge transfer, benefiting researchers and practitioners, focused on exploiting software architecture to model, develop and evolve robotic systems.
doi:10.1016/j.jss.2016.08.039 fatcat:y56vk7pzfvgf3kykwwxiwxdvvu