THE SPECTRAL PROPERTIES OF THE FALICOV–KIMBALL MODEL IN THE WEAK-COUPLING LIMIT

PAVOL FARKAŠOVSKÝ
2003 International Journal of Modern Physics B  
The $f$ and $d$ electron density of states of the one-dimensional Falicov-Kimball model are studied in the weak-coupling limit by exact diagonalization calculations. The resultant behaviors are used to examine the $d$-electron gap ($\Delta_{d}$), the $f$-electron gap ($\Delta_{f}$), and the $fd$-electron gap ($\Delta_{fd}$) as functions of the $f$-level energy $E_f$ and hybridization $V$. It is shown that the spinless Falicov-Kimball model behaves fully differently for zero and finite
more » ... nd finite hybridization between $f$ and $d$ states. At zero hybridization the energy gaps do not coincide ($\Delta_{d}\neq \Delta_{f} \neq \Delta_{fd}$), and the activation gap $\Delta_{fd}$ vanishes discontinuously at some critical value of the $f$-level energy $E_{fc}$. On the other hand, at finite hybridization all energy gaps coincide and vanish continuously at the insulator-metal transition point $E_f=E_{fc}$. The importance of these results for a description of real materials is discussed.
doi:10.1142/s0217979203018168 fatcat:arv5hvjcqrbddnqv7rdbuf5fyq